Copy/

Pasties.

“All in all, Mr. Elorza seems the best candidate to move Providence ahead — and to defeat Vincent Cianci, a two-time felon running for mayor, in the general election.”

It’s politics in Providence, Rhode Island, one of America’s more… ahem… how to put it… cities. Cianci might be a two-time felon, but Elorza stole the language he used in a letter apologizing to voters for having been arrested for theft.

The thing that tripped Elorza up is that so many Providence politicians have to write letters to their constituents apologizing for their theft records that the same professional political advisor simply recycled his last youthful indiscretion letter in producing one for Elorza. The advisor seems to have a template onto which he slots each new name.

Plagiarogenesis…

… is the process by which one writer’s language makes copies of itself and disseminates in plagiarized form throughout academic literature.

Since virtually no one reads the small specialized journals and presses that print most academic literature, this copied material – as plagiarists know – goes unnoticed. Gradually, the plagiarized material may itself be plagiarized, und so weiter, and no one is the wiser…

Plagiarogenesis may for some plagiarists happen so often that their entire career may be said to be founded upon the operation.

The easiest place to find deeply rooted multi-generational plagiarism is in the hard sciences, where it’s not uncommon for readers to discover that an entire article about, say, obscure properties of obscure cells, an article perhaps appearing in a somewhat sketchy journal, has been lifted unaltered from another source. The original source, in turn, will include copied graphs and other stolen elements.

But that is the very basement of plagiarogenesis; more common – especially in the more obscure reaches of the humanities – is the (alleged) approach of Mustapha Marrouchi of the University of Nevada Las Vegas (a determined effort to make sense of his methods appears here), in which his favorite writers seem to be quoted without attribution all over his work.

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Sometimes things get a bit on the psychotic side, as when Marrouchi apparently plagiarizes autobiographical writing by Edward Said and puts it in his own memoir. (This particular taking also demonstrates the plagiarist’s typical move from high-profile to obscure outlet: Said’s personal experience appeared in the London Review of Books; Marrouchi’s personal experience of Said’s personal experience appears in College English.) More often, it’s garden variety theft, of the sort one of Marrouchi’s favorite plagiarees, Slavoj Zizek, was himself recently found to have committed.

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Now that the Chronicle of Higher Ed is making a fuss about Marrouchi, we can anticipate his lines of response. They will, first of all, be many. This charming review of Ward Churchill’s twelve excuses reminds us that the same tireless verbal cocksmanship through which the career plagiarist fathered thousands of illegitimate offspring can be used to generate excuses (the original source was begging for it… the words were just sitting there…) for having done so.

In the particular case of Marrouchi, UD (a veteran observer of plagiarism and plagiarists) would anticipate the following reactions:

1. A lawsuit, or the threat of a lawsuit.

2. A volcanically angry rebuttal which CHE will print and then withdraw when it turns out to be plagiarized.

3. The claim that everyone plagiarizes and Marrouchi’s only being singled out because he’s a man of the left whose powerful critique of imperialism is considered so threatening to the establishment that he had to be silenced.

4. The claim that among people of the left the bogus category “plagiarism” does not exist, since it is founded on reactionary notions of private property.

“The 2007 research paper from my time at the U.S. Army War College has become a distraction from the debate you expect and deserve. I am ending my campaign …”

Plagiarism really isn’t a small thing. Lots of people think it is, because they plagiarize, and they figure it doesn’t matter much and that even if they get caught it’s a small thing.

But it’s a large thing, especially when it’s extensive, and it can bring you down. People judge it harshly because it suggests laziness, incompetence, and an incomplete sense of what belongs to you and what belongs to other people. John Walsh now realizes this.

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UD thanks Jeremy.

Pan-Plagiarism…

… would I guess be the word for what we seem to be dealing with in American culture for the last few years. As in — everybody seems to be plagiarizing to some extent… Including, it appears, Mary Willingham, the University of North Carolina tutor who blew the whistle on that school’s fake courses for athletes. Her online UNC Greensboro master’s thesis seems to include quite a number of lifted sentences…

This is too bad, since Willingham has been one of the strongest, most trustworthy voices protesting the corruption of entire academic departments by sports.

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UPDATE: The best commentary so far:

Whatever Willingham’s graduate work does to her own reputation is no doubt gratifying to UNC fans of a certain type, but the questions about Tar Heel integrity?

… [R]uining Willingham, fun though it may be, is just another side show beside the smoldering wreck of UNC athletics. It’s a small, mean victory, like cutting boots and rings off of the dead at El Alamein.

The battle has moved on. Bigger things are afoot.

“In the letter to Simon & Schuster, Shirley asked that all current copies of The Invisible Bridge be destroyed, that an apology from Simon & Schuster be run as an ad in several magazines and newspaper[s], and that Shirley be rewarded $25 million in damages.”

That’s it, baby! GO FOR IT. TWENTY-FIVE MIL!!!!

There’s no doubt your Reagan book has been plagiarized, and quite grotesquely at that, with your plagiarist contorting himself in various postmodern ways to pretend that’s not happening:

[I]n “A Note on Sources,” [Rick] Perlstein writes that rather than “burden the end pages” of his book with footnotes, “my publisher and I have decided to put the source notes for my book online, with clickable URLs whenever possible.” He gives his website, rickperlstein.net. [Craig] Shirley’s work was noted more than 100 times online, a spokesman for the publisher told the New York Post.

… “Perlstein’s personal delusions notwithstanding, the only possible aim of an arrangement like this is to discourage the confirming of citations,” [one reviewer] said.

So yes you’ve been wronged, in a variety of ways. But TWENTY-FIVE MILLION DOLLARS. UD has to hand it to you. You’re right up there with the University of Virginia student who got roughed up a bit by some cops and has sued for… Hold on, lemme check the post… FORTY MILLION. (Update on the UVa thing: VICTORY! She got $200,000 and some change. Plus she gets to go through life as the jerk who sued Virginia for forty million dollars.) Though now that I check her demands, I find myself disappointed in you. Why only 25? Why not 40? 50? Why not 500 million?

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UPDATE: The story jumps to the New York Times.

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Update: Jesse Walker makes a persuasive case against the charge of plagiarism. There’s no doubt that Perlstein picked up various words and phrases from Shirley’s descriptions of events about which both authors wrote, and it was this that initially made me call plagiarism. But I suppose what it is, instead, is laziness. It doesn’t rise to plagiarism because it’s not extensive enough.

ArtInfo was complaining last year about Carol Vogel’s tendency to…

… pick up other writers’ scoops without bothering to credit them; now, the New York Times reporter’s rather lax journalistic code has landed her in much bigger trouble.

The New York Times is reviewing an accusation of plagiarism against veteran reporter Carol Vogel, who was charged with lifting a paragraph from a Wikipedia article for a story about Italian Renaissance painter Piero di Cosimo.

UD is aware that it has become fashionable to dismiss plagiarism as of no importance. Everyone, after all, seems to do it. Yet think of it this way – The New York Times – America’s paper of record – is paying one of its senior writers a very good yearly salary to scan and lift Wikipedia pages for it. Speaking only for myself – a longtime NYT subscriber – I am not happy to hear that my subscription money is going toward this activity. I can read Wikipedia on my own; I don’t have to pay the NYT to have its reporters read it and then reproduce it for me.

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UPDATE: If you can find a plagiarist who hasn’t plagiarized plenty before being discovered, do let me know.

Penny wise, pound foolish.

UD has said it a hundred times: When assembling your writing staff, be willing to pay more for quality people. Matthew Whitaker of Arizona State University has been burned twice:

Professor Whitaker didn’t apologize, but blamed his initial plagiarism on the people he hired to do his research and writing for him.

That was his initial plagiarism. He hasn’t fared any better with his latest crew of writers.

Remember: Diddle me once, shame on you. Diddle me twice, shame on me.

“So here’s my question to the Army War College, an institution that I have heretofore admired greatly — how in the hell did this piece of s**t result in the awarding of an M.A. degree?”

Plagiarism is hell.

Point One: When a particular instance is discovered, there’s almost always more from the same person. Plagiarism is a career choice.

Point Two: The panicked plagiarist almost always responds like a complete idiot to the discovery, as with the War College’s finest, Senator John Walsh, whose thirteen and a half page MA thesis…

Wait. Thirteen and a half page MA thesis…? Oy.

Anyway, back to the main event. Point Three:

The university that passed the plagiarized thesis now comes under heavy scrutiny. As in: Does the War College specialize in awarding MAs to thirteen and a half page pastiches of other people’s writing? Who pays for the War College? Zat my taxes?? Hold on, lemme check.

I don’t have to check! It’s the effing army! The Army!

So… okay… I saved on paper. What if he’d written a standard 50 to 100 page thesis? But beyond that…

Raise your hand if you WEREN’T…

… plagiarized by John Walsh.

Veteran’s…

ministrations.

“Only the Americans appear to take this sort of thing seriously.”

Puritanical little buggers that we are, we alone, complains this frustrated plagiarist-outer, take seriously things like an entire career founded on stealing other people’s writing. We alone not only manage to summon disapproval of plagiarism; we also act on that disapproval. For instance, Americans are notorious for firing or fining high school superintendents who plagiarize graduation speeches; and there are simply scads of American high school superintendents who plagiarize graduation speeches… Superintendents who do many naughty things… Whereas the British (Neil Harmon, languid tennis journalist who has just languidly copped to having copied, is a Brit) are all oh reaaaaaallly about it…

Or perhaps we are being asked to pity, rather than condemn, a person whose dissociative disorder is so severe that he writes about his decades of plagiarism like this:

It has been brought to my attention that I have severely compromised my position…, having used unattributed material to form part of my writing of the Wimbledon Yearbook.

Big thanks, chaps, for bringing the fact that I’m a plagiarist to my attention. I must say, something in the way I wrote did seem… odd… Yet I couldn’t put a finger on it until you were so kind as to bring it to my attention. Good show!

“[A]t least five other UIC nursing dissertations [had] higher plagiarism index scores than hers, and at least 30 other UIC dissertations [had] high or problematic plagiarism scores.”

The sport of competitive plagiarizing is upon us, in which people accused of plagiarism use the same software their accusers used, in order to demonstrate that everybody plagiarizes. In fact, some people plagiarize more than the accused do, so why are the accused being singled out?

How many of these objects of plagiarism claims, though, can lay claim to the title of provost? Your chief academic officer may herself be a plagiarist?

This must be Chicago State University, corrupt dropout factory extraordinaire. (Background here.)

So the provost is suing the school that passed and is now investigating her degree (privacy issues), which for CSU means another embarrassing high-profile lawsuit to go with the free speech one FIRE just filed against the school, and the just-concluded one in which a judge made CSU pay a whopping three million dollars to a campus whistle blower against whom the institution retaliated.

I’m sure the taxpayers of Illinois, who pay for this school (I don’t think it has any students anymore… maybe a few…?), take comfort in the fact that the money they’re paying for the provost’s salary is going to someone who apparently plagiarized less than some of her classmates.

Greater love hath no man than this, that he…

… lay down a brief resume of a book for his friend.

Zzzzzzzzzzzzz.

UD can’t get too excited about the gathering Zizek plagiarizes from a “white nationalist hate group” magazine storm. As the editor of Critical Inquiry (which published what UD is pretty certain will turn out to be only the first widely known piece of plagiarism from Zizek) admits, the guy did indeed plagiarize, and from a most unlikely source…

Yet what is in this story that isn’t already there in the Jonah Lehrer, Johan Hari, Chris Hedges, Stephen Glass, Phil Jacob, Jason Blair, etc., etc., etc. story?

We seem to like to be fooled. Bernard Madoff’s returns were outrageously too good to be true. Didn’t stop everybody from investing with him.

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UD thanks Dave for tipping her off to the story.

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